Jens Rowold – Effects of Spiritual Well-Being on Subsequent Happiness, Psychological Well-Being, and Stress



Key Words:

Spiritual Well-Being | Happiness | Psychological Well-Being | Stress

SWBQ |  Validity

4 aspects of Spiritual Wellbeing: Personal | Communal | Environmental | Transcendental spiritual well-being

Mental | Physical | Emotional wellbeing } are distinct to spiritual well-being.


Key Giants:

Schultz,  S.  (2005).  Newsweek/Beliefnet poll  finds majority  of  Americans  consider  spirituality  ‘very important’ in their daily lives (p. 11). New York: The Newsweek.

Sawatzky, R., Ratner, P. A., & Chiu, L. (2005). A meta-analysis of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 72, 153–188.

Gomez, R., & Fisher, J. W. (2003). Domains of spiritual well-being and development and validation of the spiritual well-being questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1975–1991.

Gomez, R., & Fisher, J. W. (2005a). Item response theory analysis of the spiritual well-being questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1107–1121.

Gomez, R., & Fisher, J. W. (2005b). The spiritual well-being questionnaire: Testing for model applicability, measurement and structural equivalencies, and latent mean differences across gender. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 1383–1393.

Ellison, C. G., & Fan, D. (2008). Daily spiritual experiences and psychological well-being among US adults. Social Indicators Research, 88, 247–271.

Wallace, B. A., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). Mental balance and well-being. American Psychologist, 61, 690–701.

Warr, P. (1990). The measurement of well-being and other aspects of mental health. Journal  of Occupa- tional Psychology, 63, 193–210.

Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The oxford happiness questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 1073–1082.

Smith, T. B., McCullough, M. E., & Poll, J. (2003). Religiousness and depression: Evidence for a main effect and the moderating influence of stressful life events. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 614–636.

Hackney, C. H., & Sanders, G. S. (2003). Religiosity and mental health: A meta-analysis of recent studies. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42, 43–55.

Boswell, G. H., Kahana, E., & Dilworth-Anderson, P. (2006). Spirituality and healthy lifestyle behaviors: Stress counter-balancing effects on the well-being of older adults. Journal of Religion & Health, 45, 587–602.

Dulin, P. L. (2005). Social support as a moderator of the relationship between religious participation and psychological distress in a sample of community dwelling older adults. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 8, 81–86.

Koenig, 1994;

Maton, 1989;      these 3 on the notion that a close relationship to God (or a higher source) positively related to health and well-being

Sim and Loh, 2003

DeNeve, K. M., & Cooper, H. (1998). The happy personality: A meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 197–229.